On the very first Sunday of 1773, John Newton, the well-known evangelist and hymn writer, presented a sermon to his Olney congregation with the new year in mind. His message was based on the scripture from 1 Chronicles 17:16-17 which highlighted the deep spiritual reflection of King David when he prayed, “Who am I, O LORD God, and what is mine house, that thou hast brought me hitherto?”
To further emphasize this reflection of God’s grace in one’s life, Newton composed a poem set to music titled “Faith’s Review and Expectation” which was to be sung as an accompaniment to his new year’s message. This hymn would later be known as Amazing Grace.
It was no doubt Newton’s hope that his lyrics would focus the congregation’s attention and set their hearts on the blessings of God’s grace in bringing them to Jesus Christ for salvation, both now and forever. Little did he know, however, the impact and popularity it would soon have on audiences through the coming centuries.
Sadly, within a few hours after preaching this sermon with the accompanying hymn, John Newton was deflated and scribbled his feelings in his diary:
“Hope I was enabled to speak with some liberty, but found my own heart sadly unaffected.”
Though the immediate fruit of his sermon and hymn was not revealed to Newton on that day, the Lord was surely pleased with his heartbroken servant’s work and found it more than acceptable as a humble and honorable service to His glory. History has proven this to be true, and God is to be praised for how Newton’s hymn has risen to such fame and transfixed the world.
As we approach a new year, I thought it fitting to meditate on John Newton’s sermon notes from that first Sunday in 1773 where Amazing Grace was first sung. I believe his sermon notes can be used as an inspiring guide to walk a believer (or unbeliever) through each line to reveal and discuss the lyrics’ true spiritual significance. For your convenience, I have formatted below the basic outline of Newton’s original notations from 1773, only altering his text for easier reading and to facilitate a more personal introspection, in the hope that the Holy Spirit might work on the heart and turn it to Christ and His glorious (and yes, amazing) grace.
John Newton’s Sermon Notes For “Amazing Grace”
King David’s Prayer, 1 Chronicles 17:16-17:
Then David the king went in and sat before the Lord and said, “Who am I, O Lord God, and what is my house that You have brought me this far? This was a small thing in Your eyes, O God; but You have spoken of Your servant’s house for a great while to come, and have regarded me according to the standard of a man of high degree, O Lord God.
I would accommodate [this passage of scripture] to our own use as a proper subject for our meditations on the entrance of a new year. They lead us to a consideration of past mercies and future hopes and intimate the frame of mind which becomes us when we contemplate what the Lord has done for us.
Who Am I?
Amazing grace! (how sweet the sound)
That sav’d a wretch like me!
The frame of mind should be humility and admiration.
Who am I? This question should be always upon my your mind: Who am I? What was I when the Lord began to manifest His purposes of love? This was often inculcated upon Israel, Thou shalt remember – Look unto the pit from which we were taken. Lord, what is man! At that time I was:
I Was Miserable
Shut up under the law and unbelief. What must have been the event had the Lord left me there? After a few years spent in vanity, I would have sunk to rise no more.
I Was Rebellious
Blinded by the god of this world, I had no desire for deliverance. Instead of desiring the Lord’s help, I breathed a spirit of defiance against Him. His mercy came to me not only undeserved but undesired. In fact, I (like others) resisted his call, and when he knocked at the door of my heart I endeavored to shut Him out till He overcame me by the power of His grace. See the proper characteristics of my state: “For we also once were foolish ourselves, disobedient, deceived, enslaved to various lusts and pleasures, spending our life in malice and envy, hateful, hating one another” (Titus 3:3).
I Was & Still Am Undeserving
It was the Lord against whom I sinned and Who showed me mercy. He had no need to do this. What just cause of admiration, that He should appoint such salvation, in such a way, in favor of such a helpless, worthless creature?
God Has Brought Me To This Place
I once was lost, but now am found,
Was blind, but now I see.
’Twas grace that taught my heart to fear,
And grace my fears reliev’d;
How precious did that grace appear,
The hour I first believ’d!
Before My Conversion
His providential care preserving me from a thousand seen, millions of unseen dangers, when I knew Him not. His secret guidance, leading me by a way which I knew not, till His time of love came to me.
At My Conversion
The means by which He wrought upon me, those supports in the time of conviction, and the never-to-be-forgotten hour when He enabled me to hope in His mercy.
Since I Was First Enabled To Give Up My Name To Him
Thro’ many dangers, toils and snares,
I have already come;
’Tis grace has brought me safe thus far,
And grace will lead me home.
Mercy and goodness have followed me. In earthly concerns, He has led and fed me. Many have fallen when I have been preserved, or if afflicted, I have found Him a present help in trouble. In spiritual concerns, He preserved me from wasting sins, from gross errors, but He was also restoring and healing me, maintaining His hold in my heart, not withstanding so much opposition, so many temptations and provocations. The comforts I have had in secret and public worship, the seasonable and undoubted answers to prayer. Grace to anyone dear to me, peace in my family, and His blessing me with a church and a people.
You Have Spoken About My Future
The Lord has promis’d good to me,
His word my hope secures;
He will my shield and portion be,
As long as life endures.
Yes, when this flesh and heart shall fail,
And mortal life shall cease;
I shall possess, within the veil,
A life of joy and peace.
Are these small things? Yes, compared to what follows – He has spoken for a great while to come, even to Eternity. Present mercies are but earnests of His love, present comforts but foretastes of the joy to which I am hastening. O that crown, that kingdom, that eternal weight of glory! I am traveling home to God. I shall soon see Jesus, and never complain of sin, sorrow, temptation or desertion any more.
He Has Dealt With Me According To The Estate Of A Man Of High Degree. He Found Me Upon The Dunghill And Has Made Me A Companion Of Princes. I Was In A Wilderness And He Has Led Me To The City Of God.
What should be my grateful response?
Love, Gratitude, Obedience
Romans 12:1 [I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.]
Trust And Confidence
We have good reason to cast our cares upon him, and to be satisfied with his appointments. Hitherto he has done all things well [Mark 7:37].
Yet a little while and we shall be at home. Romans 13:11 [And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we first believed].
The earth shall soon dissolve like snow,
The sun forbear to shine;
But God, who call’d me here below,
Will be forever mine.
Newton’s Final Note To The Congregation
We are spared thus far – But some, I fear, are strangers to the promises. You are entered upon a New Year. It may be your last. You are at present barren trees in the vineyard. O fear, lest the sentence should go forth: “Cut it down.”
Though added to Newton’s hymn in E.O. Excell’s Coronation Hymns in 1910, it is a suitable, praiseworthy addendum to the rich biblical sentiments of Amazing Grace. May the words resound in your heart in full-throated faith!
When we’ve been there ten thousand years,
Bright shining as the sun,
We’ve no less days to sing God’s praise
Than when we first begun!
– Based upon the transcription of John Newton’s sermon notebook, Lambeth Palace Library, by Marylynn Rouse, and slightly altered by The Sandwich for this particular, contemporary usage.
“Rend your heart, and not your garments.” — Joel 2:13
Garment-rending and other outward signs of religious emotion, are easily manifested and are frequently hypocritical; but to feel true repentance is far more difficult, and consequently far less common. Men will attend to the most multiplied and minute ceremonial regulations—for such things are pleasing to the flesh—but true religion is too humbling, too heart-searching, too thorough for the tastes of the carnal men; they prefer something more ostentatious, flimsy, and worldly. Outward observances are temporarily comfortable; eye and ear are pleased; self-conceit is fed, and self-righteousness is puffed up: but they are ultimately delusive, for in the article of death, and at the day of judgment, the soul needs something more substantial than ceremonies and rituals to lean upon. Apart from vital godliness all religion is utterly vain; offered without a sincere heart, every form of worship is a solemn sham and an impudent mockery of the majesty of heaven.
Heart-rending is divinely wrought and solemnly felt. It is a secret grief which is personally experienced, not in mere form, but as a deep, soul-moving work of the Holy Spirit upon the inmost heart of each believer. It is not a matter to be merely talked of and believed in, but keenly and sensitively felt in every living child of the living God. It is powerfully humiliating, and completely sin-purging; but then it is sweetly preparative for those gracious consolations which proud unhumbled spirits are unable to receive; and it is distinctly discriminating, for it belongs to the elect of God, and to them alone.
The text commands us to rend our hearts, but they are naturally hard as marble: how, then, can this be done? We must take them to Calvary: a dying Saviour’s voice rent the rocks once, and it is as powerful now. O blessed Spirit, let us hear the death-cries of Jesus, and our hearts shall be rent even as men rend their vestures in the day of lamentation.
— C.H. Spurgeon, from Morning And Evening
“My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure.” — Isaiah 46:10
There is one grand idea running through the whole of Scripture from Genesis to Revelation; and this one grand idea runs through every part of the sacred page, and, like a golden band, unites the whole together. What is this one grand thought? God has many thoughts as well as we, for he tells us that “the thoughts of his heart stand to all generations.” But we read also in the same verse of “the counsel of the Lord, which standeth for ever;” and elsewhere of his “working all things after the counsel of his own will” (Psalm 33:11; Eph. 1:11).
Thus in the mind of God, as well as in the mode of his subsistence, there is unity and variety. There is his one thought, and his many thoughts; for though his thoughts are many, his counsel is but one; and this counsel is the exaltation and glorification of his dear Son…
The word of God is a perfect mystery to us, and we see no beauty or harmony in the various books of either the Old Testament or the New until we see the mind of God in it, gather up God’s thoughts, and especially that grand thought which binds the whole together: the exaltation of his dear Son to his own right hand as the promised reward of his sufferings and death, and the glorious result of his resurrection and ascension up to the courts of bliss.
— From J.C. Philpot’s Through Baca’s Vale
The most recent comprehensive survey on the makeup of American spirituality should be deeply concerning to our predominately-Christian nation. According to the Daily Mail and other news outlets, the number of U.S. citizens who now identify as witches or other pagans has exploded to 1.5 million souls—which is more than the membership found in some evangelical denominations:
“A survey by the Pew Research Center found that 0.4 per cent of Americans, between 1 and 1.5 million – identify as Wicca or Pagan. That means there are now more witches in the U.S. than there are Presbyterians (PCUSA) who have around 1.4 million adherents.” – Daily Mail, Nov. 19, 2018
And while this shocking news will be sobering to most devout Christians, one could reasonably speculate for the sake of rhetorical effect that C.S. Lewis, the popular Christian philosopher who had the “deepest respect for Pagan myth” (The Problem of Pain, p.71), might be delighted with these statistics if he were alive today.
Lewis once said that if you’re not going to be a Christian, the next best thing is to be a good Norseman, because “the Norse pagans sided with the good gods…” (The Sign of The Grail by C.J.S. Hayward). He also once dared to slyly suggest, “First let us make the younger generation good pagans and afterwards let us make them Christians” (C.S. Lewis letter from Yours, Jack; p. 219).
Well, guess what, Mr. Lewis: good news! According to the latest Pew study and further research by Trinity College, your hope for the paganization of our children is coming to fruition by leaps and bounds. (more…)